Punjab in Sanskrit means the ‘Land of Five Rivers’. Apart from the fiver rivers—the Beas, Chenab, Jhelum, Ravi and Sutlej—Punjab temples attract large number of devotees, especially the Golden Temple at Amritsar. Originally built amidst a lake and in forest, this famous of the temples in Punjab is extremely serene and beautiful. Thousands of devotees irrespective of religion flock to this temple. Many of the temples in Punjab are very ancient and reflect intense architectural artistry. The Bhagawati Mandir at Khana, dedicated to the Goddess Bhagwathi Mata for instance is one of the most important temples in Punjab, and a witness to true architectural splendor for those
visiting it. The Sodal Mandir is considered to be one of the most famous temples Punjab after the Golden Temple probably, as many people hold faith that their prayers are answered at this holy shrine. The Ram Tirth Temple about 11 kilometers west of Amritsar is also one of the famous Punjab temples, and it is considered to be the residence of the great poet and writer Rishi Valmiki, who wrote Ramayana. A four-day festival is held every year with gusto and many devotees visit this famous temples Punjab on this auspicious day. The Durgiana Mandir near to Patiala, echoes the architectural qualities of the Golden Temple, and is one of the revered temples in Punjab for Kali Devi that reflects true religious traditions. Of many other Punjab temples, the Devi Talab Mandir, Panch Mandir, Shahpurkandi fort temples, Shiv Temple, Kathgarh etc. are the prominent temples and a must-see for visitors.
Punjab is the most fertile land in Indian Territory and is the major Wheat producer for the country. With an area of 50,432 square kilometers, the population of Punjab aggregates close to 28,000,000, of which Sikh population of around 59%, Hindus around 37% and a little percentage of Muslims and others. The chief language is Punjabi, though Hindi and English can help the non-Punjabi speaking tourists to go around the state.
The main tourist attractions in Punjab are the historically important places like the battle sites and the famous Punjab Temples like the site of the famous Indus Valley ivilization, the famous temples Punjab Golden Temple of Amritsar, the age old fort of Bathinda, the splendid monuments of Kapurthala, and not to forget the most well planned and most modern city of Chandigarh planned and designed by the well known architect Le Corbusier.
Another important and most prominent historical site is the city of Jaliyan-wala-bagh, where during the year 1919, thousands of hapless and innocent people, including women and children were massacred mercilessly by the British. It would bring tears to even a hard-core criminal to imagine the plight of the innocent Indians who lost their lives there.
Being a step away from the Pakistan, Wagah is an open land connecting point between India and Pakistan. Many a tourists are thrilled at the ‘Changing of Guards’ and the ‘Lowering of Flags’ ceremonies held every day at dusk.